Uzziah & Jane E. Stewart (pg. 3)

    potatoes, 364 pounds of butter, and 15 tons of hay. Animals worth $80 had been slaughtered.

    Uzziah Stewart died between February 18, 1852, when he made his will, and June 4, 1852, when his will was recorded. Stewart was 62 years old. He left a life estate in his farm to his wife, Jane E. Stewart, provided that she did not remarry. After Jane E. Stewart's death or remarriage, the farm was to be equally divided among Uzziah Stewart's four children.

    Joseph C. Stewart managed the Stewart farm after his father's death. In 1860, according to census records, four members of the Stewart family lived at what is now 131 School Road: Jane E. Stewart, 55, with no occupation, Joseph C. Stewart, 34, a farmer, Jane E., 25, with no occupation, and Uzziah Jr., 22, a school teacher. No members of the Summerhill family lived with the Stewarts.

    Jane E. Stewart then owned real estate valued at $5500 and had a personal estate of $845.

    In 1860, William F. Stewart was married and lived immediately adjacent to his mother and siblings. Stewart, 30, was a sawyer. He and his wife, Sarah Ann, 31, had three children: Campbell, four, William, three, and Ann, two.

    Records of the 1860 census of agriculture provide information on the Stewart farm under Joseph C. Stewart's management. In 1860, the farm reportedly contained 80 improved or cleared acres and 30 unimproved acres. The farm was valued at $5500 and contained farming implements and machinery worth $75. Livestock consisted of three horses, five milk cows, three other cattle and 10 swine, worth a total of $470. In the previous year the farm had produced 23 bushels of wheat, 150 bushels of corn, 500 bushels of oats, 200 bushels of potatoes, 110 pounds of buckwheat, $20 worth of orchard products, 350 pounds of butter, and four tons of hay. Animals worth a total of $70 had been slaughtered.

    Jane E. Stewart died in September 1863. Her death transferred ownership of the family farm to the four Stewart children, as specified by the terms of Uzziah Stewart's will.

    A debt incurred by William F. Stewart was the first in a chain of events that led to the Stewart children's loss of the family farm. At some point in or before 1865 Stewart's creditor, Margaret V. Bright, acquired his quarter­ interest in the farm at sheriffs sale. Bright was unable to sell her quarter­ interest in the farm, however, because the other three Stewart children owned the remaining three-quarters interest. As the result of legal action by Bright, the Orphan's Court of Allegheny County found that the farm could not be divided and ordered that it be sold.

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